July 2020 marks the 25th anniversary of the most recent genocide in European history; the Srebrenica massacre of more than 8000 Bosniaks by Serbian forces. This massacre occurred despite the UN declaring Srebrenica a ‘safe area’ under UN protection by units of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR). By the end of July 1995, the commander of the Bosnian Serbs who committed the massacre, Ratko Mladić, was indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) for genocide, crimes against humanity, and numerous war crimes. After being on the run for 16 years, Mladić was arrested in 2011 and extradited to the Hague to face an ICTY war crimes trial. After a marathon 6 years, in November 2017 he was convicted of 10 of the 11 charges and sentenced to life imprisonment. The time between crime and conviction for Mladić was 22 years, but at least we can say that he faced justice. In 2020, there are ongoing ethnic cleansings and genocides worthy of the attention of organisations such as the International Criminal Court (ICC), however there are cases in some states that will never go to trial in the Hague. Why?